X-linked agammaglobulinemia (XLA) is a condition that affects the immune system and occurs almost exclusively in males. People with XLA have very few B . The basic defect in both X-Linked Agammaglobulinemia and autosomal recessive agammaglobulinemia is a failure of B-lymphocyte precursors to mature into. Looking for online definition of Burton’s Agammaglobulinemia in the Medical Dictionary? Burton’s Agammaglobulinemia explanation free. What is Burton’s.

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X-linked agammaglobulinemia

Furthermore, it is not known if active vaccines in general have any beneficial effect on XLA patients as they lack normal ability to maintain immune memory.

Schosser MD Glynis A. The disorder is passed on in an X-linked recessive pattern.

The Btk enzyme plays an essential role in the maturation of B cells in the bone marrowand when mutated, immature pro-B lymphocytes are unable to develop into agammaglobulineia lymphocytes, which normally develop into mature agammaglobulinemiq B cells that leave the bone marrow into the blood stream. The disorder is inherited in an X-linked recessive fashion as the gene linked to it is on the X chromosome and is almost entirely limited to the sons of asymptomatic female carriers.

Present with recurrent infections with Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, Mycoplasma pneumoniae, hepatitis virus, and enterovirus CNS infections.

X-linked agammaglobulinemia – Wikipedia

Persons with XLA agammaglobuinemia vulnerable to repeated, potentially fatal bacterial infections. It is often secondary to malignant diseases such as leukemia, myeloma, and lymphoma, and to diseases associated with hypoproteinemia such as nephrosis and liver disease. Although the symptoms of a XLA and other primary immune diseases PID include repeated burtton often severe infections, the average time for a diagnosis of a PID can be up to 10 years. Btk is particularly responsible for mediating B cell development and maturation through a signaling effect on the B cell receptor BCR.


Antibody — A molecule that is produced by the immune system in response to a protein, called an antigen, that is not recognized as belonging in the body. Predominantly antibody deficiencies Neurocutaneous conditions X-linked recessive disorders.

Because gamma globulin is so important in the production of antibodies and thus in the body’s ability to agammaglobu,inemia itself against infection, it follows that a deficiency or absence of gamma globulin would result in severe and recurrent infections. Rabinovitz MD Christopher J.

Congenital agammaglobulinemia

Haemophilia A Haemophilia B X-linked sideroblastic anemia. It is not recommended and dangerous for XLA patients to receive live attenuated vaccines such as live polioor the measlesmumpsrubella MMR vaccine.

Buron is significant decrease in all immunoglobulins. Local antibiotic treatment drops, lotions are preferred over systemic treatment pills for long-term treatment, if possible. Acquired agammaglobulinemia is secondary to other disorders agammagglobulinemia is usually a hypogammaglobulinemia, that is, a deficiency rather than total absence of this plasma protein.

Heald MD David G. In people with XLA, the white blood cell formation process does not generate mature Agammaglobulinemka cells[2] which manifests as a complete or near-complete lack of proteins called gamma globulinsincluding antibodiesin their bloodstream.

The administration of live vaccines is contraindicated. The rest of the cases occur as random mutations. This defect is not associated with the immunoglobulins themselves, but rather with the B cells in the bloodstream that ordinarily secrete the immunoglobulins. The optimal dose is determined by the patient’s response.


This temporary deficiency of gamma globulin lasts for the first 6 to 8 weeks, until the infant begins to synthesize the protein. XLA diagnosis usually begins due to a history agammagpobulinemia recurrent infections, mostly in the respiratory tractthrough childhood.

This seems to indicate the presence of genetic factors in the development of agammaglobulinemia. Retrieved from ” https: These may cause severe central nervous system conditions as chronic encephalitismeningitis and death. Certain viruses, such as hepatitis and polio viruses, can also pose a threat.

Disorders of connective tissue such as scleroderma, arthritis, and lupus erythematosus are also frequent complications.

Since the gene is carried on the X chromosome, XLA individuals are almost always male. By using this site, you agree to the Agzmmaglobulinemia of Use and Privacy Policy. As the form of agammaglobulinemia that is X-linkedit is much more common in agammaglobuulinemia. Some patients have a family history of rheumatoid arthritis or allergies. Stratman MD Lindsay C. Storrs MD Erik J.

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IVIg is a human product extracted and pooled from thousands of blood donations. However, while XLA is a congenital disorder, with known genetic causes, CVID may occur in adulthood and its causes are not yet understood. If the problem persists, email feedback visualdx.

There is no special hazard for XLA patients in dealing with pets or outdoor activities. Common symptoms of immunoglobulin deficiency appear after the infant is brton months old.