Kemenkes. (). Buku Data , Direktorat Jenderal Pengendalian Penyakit dan Buku Pedoman Nasional Pengendalian Penyakit Kusta,. Direktorat. References. 1. Amiruddin M. D. Penyakit kusta sebuah pendekatan klinis. Kemenkes R. I. Buku Pedoman Nasional Pemberantasan Penyakit Kusta. Jakarta. Komponen surveilans kusta di dinas kesehatan kabupaten situbondo sebagai upaya Buku Pedoman Nasional Program Pengendalian Penyakit Kusta.
|Published (Last):||28 August 2007|
|PDF File Size:||1.15 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||18.68 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
Then after the training with the pocket book the posttest results showed that the EG Tabibs had a much better attitude to leprosy than the CG Tabibs. American Journal pwmberantasan Public Health. A quasi-experimental design, with a training program and a pocket book for the Experimental Group EGwas used for this research: Tabib Seunagan dan Thariqat Syattariyah.
Stigmas like these, which are deeply held by the villagers, cannot be easily overcome; legislation and successful rehabilitation of sufferers and elimination of recurrence of new cases of leprosy over time are needed to kill the pemberaantasan of leprosy.
Knowledge about Leprosy The results from Table 1 show that in the first pretests there was no significant difference in knowledge about leprosy between the Tabibs in the Experimental Group EG and those in the Control Group CG. Kontrol adalah penduduk Kecamatan Tirto Kabupaten Pekalongan yang telah didiagnosis tidak menderita kusta oleh petugas kesehatan berdasarkan pemeriksaan klinis dan laboratorium. However, from the viewpoint of treatment, what they have been doing has been against some of the basic principles for treating leprosy.
Table 1 Tabibs’ knowledge, attitude, and effectiveness prior to and after treatment. This disease primarily affects the skin, the peripheral nerves, the mucosa in the upper respiratory tract, and also the eyes [ 1 ].
Profil Kesehatan Propinsi Jawa Timur The pattern of reinforcement from other people forms the attitudes and behaviour concerned.
Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer. The WHO [ 11 ] has said that leprosy can be confirmed from the cardinal signs or primary symptoms of leprosy, namely, a spots on the skin where there is no feeling; the spots can be white hypopigmentation or reddish erythematous with thickening of the skin plaque infiltrate or in the form of lumps; the loss of feeling can happen when rubbed or cut or when heated or cooled, e.
FAKTOR RISIKO KEJADIAN KUSTA | Muharry | Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat
Profil Kesehatan Kabupaten Situbondo Tahun Specifically, the cause of leprosy is the bacteria, Mycobacterium leprae, getting into the human body through flesh wounds in the skin or through droplets inhaled when breathing and surviving and multiplying [ 10 ]. The results from Table 1 show that in the pretests there was no significant difference between the two groups of Tabibs concerning the role of the Tabibs in the management of leprosy.
Profil Kesehatan Provinsi Aceh Tahun. To summarize, the training of the Tabibs and supplying them with a pocketbook about the identification, management, treatment, and curing of leprosy increased the Tabibs’ knowledge about leprosy, improved their attitude towards leprosy, and empowered the traditional Tabib to play a much better role in the identification, management, and curing of villagers with leprosy in partnership with the treatment provided by the local District Health Service and it is to be hoped that this successful intervention for the identification, treatment, management, and curing of leprosy can be replicated in all areas of Aceh and expanded to all areas of Indonesia until leprosy is eliminated from Indonesia and indeed from Asia and even the world, so it becomes a legend in the future.
Furthermore, the National Health Department Kemenkes RI, says that the role of people in health management is very much influenced by directly feeling the health benefits of the activities and the opportunities for the people to participate in the maintenance of health as well as the role of the local leaders in the activities.
Email this article Login required.
Dermatology Research and Practice
The results above from this study concerning the attitudes of the Tabib to leprosy are parallel with those found by Azwar [ 23 ]; in pemberantasaj, factors which affect the attitudes of a person include experience, i. In this study, the EG Tabibs were given information about the benefits to all villagers from taking steps to manage, control, and eliminate leprosy.
Buku Pedoman Pemberantasan Penyakit Kusta. Before the field work for this study began the District Health Service DHS prepared a pocket book for identification, management, treatment, and cure of leprosy, based on current knowledge, best practices, and a literature survey [ 621 ].
Tabibs are traditional healers who live in Nagan Raya. There was no difference in the initial attitude to leprosy amongst the EG of Tabibs and the CG which was shown by the pretests.
Also, in programs to handle leprosy, the spiritual factor, which pwnyakit so important, is often overlooked and the focus is only on detection and treatment so that the programs for handling leprosy do not run well. The result of this research shows that there are many weaknesses and obstacles in the implementation of leprosy surveillance in Situbondo Health Department. Unemployment and lack of opportunities to get a career are key factors in mental health which can cause psychological pressures from slight to serious depression and even for some lepers to want to and sometimes to succeed at committing suicide [ penya,it ].
Influence on the human condition. Stigma as a fundamental cause of population health inequalities. These results are similar to those found by Notoatmodjo [ 22 ], which showed that motivation is a requirement of people to participate, penyakkit motivation it is difficult to get people to participate in any program.
Supplementary Materials Supplementary Materials The Supplementary Materials comprise the Supplementary File which is a translated copy of the questionnaire used to survey the sample of Tabibs both before treatment and after treatment and after the EG Tabib had been given the pocket book. The problems that come from leprosy are not just medical but also social, economic, and educational problems.
There was no difference in the initial role for controlling and management of leprosy between the EG of Tabibs and the CG as shown by the pretests. European Handbookof Dermatological Treatments. The purpose of this study was to find out and to improve how effective the role of the Tabib could be in the Program to Manage Leprosy in Nagan Raya District.
Data was gathered using a questionnaire with an interview and the intervention was to provide training and a pocket book about leprosy and how to detect, control, and manage it there and the role that the Tabib can play in controlling leprosy in the future.
The questionnaire has four sections: Discrimination at work also occurs when a person is denied work because of some physical factor e. Research problem was whether the factors influence to incidence of leprosy in Tirto district, Pekalongan. This research is conducted to evaluate the implementation of leprosy surveillance system in Health Department of Situbondo. The care of leprosy patients involves various aspects: The purpose of health education is to develop and increase 3 behavioural domains, namely: The Tabib as a local wise man can be involved in 4 of the 8 stages of the strategy to control leprosy, namely, in early identification of cases, spreading information about treatmentelimination of stigma, and empowerment of leprosy patients and PWHHL.
The authors have all declared that no conflicts of interest exist. Cases were residents of Tirto District Pekalongan that have been leprosy diagnosed by health workers based on clinical examination and laboratory. User Username Password Remember me. The Guidelines To Reduce Stigma: The authors thank the Aceh Health Polytechnic for funds provided to do this research amounting to Rp.
They feel disappointed, afraid, and deeply sad inside; they lack self-confidence and feel ashamed and worthless and of no use with their self-stigma.