Management şcolar: elemente de tehnologie managerială by Elena Joiţa(Book) Management educational: profesorul-manager: roluri si metodologie by. Joita Elena is on Facebook. Join Facebook to connect with Joita Elena and others you may know. Facebook gives people the power to share and makes the. . science and also to the research priorities in the financial management of the enterprises/firms/signboards. In the article . that the management theory should pursue a general management education within the family but .. [13] Joita Elena .

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At the present time, it manageemnt increasingly accepted that science is a systematic knowledge of the world that begins by observing and collecting data and continuing on the basis of accumulated experiences. An effective management will give life to theories by putting them into practice by knowing the specifics of the field of activity and its context. The cumulative organization of knowledge and experience has led to the origination and strengthening of science.

A collection of figures, however, is not sufficient to say that a particular leader is conducting a scientific activity or that he masters edcuational art of driving. There are people who know a lot of things, but when they relate to their peers, they do not have the art of evucational the principles learned from the study and the experience.

Science begins in practice, but practice cannot ignore science. This article will highlight the fact that educational management is both science and art. It is emphasized that the effective development of the jjoita process must take into account both the scientific aspect and the art aspect.

Joiţa, Elena

By management as a science it is meant to study the management process in order to systematize and generalize concepts, laws, principles, rules, design of new systems, methods and techniques that contribute to increasing the efficiency of the activities carried out for the achievement of certain objectives.

Management is also considered as an art, as besides specialized knowledge, the manager also needs the talent to put The art of management is not the opposite of management science, but rather, it reflects the highest level of affirmation of the science of leadership in education. Cerchez and Mateescu18 From the appearance of writing to the development of the first orientations and managerial schools, various methods, techniques, concepts, principles that were later found in management science were invented and applied.

By management as a science it is meant to study the management process in order to organize and generalize concepts, laws, principles, rules, design of new systems, methods and techniques that contribute to increasing the efficiency of the activities carried out for the achievement of objectives. The School of Scientific or Classical Management has laid the foundations for managerial science, but has also been criticized for its authoritarianism, formalism and mechanism, because it has ignored the role of the human factor in the organization.

Speaking about the educational management: From the very definition of education as an activity, a system of actions of training-development of the educated personality, of conscious influence, oriented and regulated to certain finality, an explicit approach to conceiving, organizing, coordinating, evaluating, and continually optimizing the elements of the educational process. It is even the field of study of educational management, seen as both theory and practice as science and art.

On its way to conquer a scientific status, management has defined a number of general concepts with which it operates: In the specialized literature, a distinction is made between: Managerial science defined as the activity of management scientists; Scientific management defined as the practice of leadership according to certain principles, by means of general methods and techniques whose use ensures the efficient use of human, material, financial resources.

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Corneliu Russu defines management as the science of the leadership of socioeconomic organizations and their scientific leadership having three meanings: Today there are a number of criteria that allow the recognition of a set of knowledge as defining a science. A first criterion is the possibility of measurement. Thus, it is sufficient to think that the objectives set by the exercise of the management foresight function can and must be measured, dimensioned to accept the introduction of consistency, rigidity and structure in the field of management.

Elena joita management educational pdf books congratulate, this

A collection of figures is not, however, sufficient to say that a particular leader is conducting a scientific activity. Science begins in practice by observing and collecting data with the fundamental purpose of discovering laws, principles, new structures of facts and processes. Explanation of the facts by hypotheses, which, after repeated tests, have resisted in time by obtaining the status of laws, is another criterion for recognizing the knowledge of management as a science.

Analyzing the evolution of management as an art, until the beginning of the twentieth century, we can observe both the avant-garde ideas that have been maintained so joiat as well as the retrograde or elenna absurd ideas, which have been gradually refuted by the practice and the management theory. The first category can be emphasized: Speaking of managerial art in education Mihuleac highlights that this is characterized in the exucational by the following: Aligns management in a certain manner, mentoring to achieve the goals; Valuates educxtional manager s experience and psychological traits; Highlights the role of motivation, of the climate according to the efficient activity; Show know how to do to get a practical result, like skill, vocation, intuition, joits with knowledge, intelligence, affectivity; It consists precisely in the connection of science with practical experience, which materializes in the ability to work with people, to work through and with people; It means creating a favorable environment in the organized group, favoring cooperation and stimulation, working with the variety of individual, group reactions; Valuates certain features of the manager: Assume the flexibility of the manager s behavior after the concrete situation, the subjective peculiarities, the chance circumstances to overcome or to use them adequately; The ability to move from laws and principles to norms and rules of practice, under varying concrete conditions, with balance between objective and subjective; It is based on scientific knowledge, but it also uses personal style.

Here three categories of opinions: As far as the relation between science and art is concerned, referring to leadership, opinions have been structured in three directions: The dimension of art refers to the individuality of managers, intuition, experience, skill, courage, and so on.

It can, therefore, be said that educational management has a dual dimension: Thus, the field of science could be represented by the principles and methods used, and the art one, the individuality of the education managers, the intuition, the experience, the skill, the courage and the way of their activity. Educational management is an art because, in addition to the science that is elenz necessary, the power of adaptability to changing situations is generally needed, due to the actions of other people.

At the same time, educational management maagement a science, because decision-making is based not only on models built on personal experiences or personality traits but also on rational, scientific models.

When decision-making is characterized by the existence of data, information and knowledge that reduce uncertainty to an insignificant level, decisions can be made using already learned and tested scientific models, and this minimizes the risk of mistaken decisions. As a science, management indicates, as a rule, how to act to meet managemenh standards.


If moita field joiga science is the principles and methods – then the art is given by the personality of the managers, their intuition, their experience and their understanding, their courage. Educational management thus becomes an explicit integrative conception, but also a way of action oriented towards educational success.

Popescu the science manageent art of leadership in education are two complementary aspects, therefore: The essence of leadership is science, and its application is related to art the individuality of leaders, experience, intuition, living, skill, attitude, communication, mode of action, solution differentiation, and adaptation to situations.

The development of science leads to an increase in the degree of abstraction, in rationality, but the art of leadership consists in making the most efficient use of science in the current activity, by the valorizing leader. For a leader, science terms, statements, norms, methods is not an end in itself, but a means for resolving specific problems. Science elaborates action strategies, but in any situation, there is a multitude of possible strategies.

And the necessary choice is given by personal style, by way of operating with science, creativity, mastery. Science cannot progress without the personality of the lead, and art cannot manifest itself effectively without the scientific knowledge of the leadership Popescu.

In viewing the above, some educationaal aspects of the management of education, as a scientific discipline, highlighted by Elena Joita as manxgement It presents a educztional of actions designed and carried out in order to ensure the optimal functioning, with maximum efficiency of the educational system; In order to achieve the established goals, leena most efficient use of the potential of educators, educators, as well as other resources; Structures the issues of education, the elements of the process, the factors according to the criteria of effectiveness, the particularities of the collectivity; It is a participatory management due to the inherent human nature of educational activity, mansgement as organization, deployment, evaluation, finalization; In contemporary management contextual situational approaches are dominant from the late 60s to the present.

They have developed from systemic theories. The contextual situational management approach recognizes that there is not only one correct way to drive and that a proper driving style depends on the requirements of the situation concrete.

Therefore, it can be said that there is no good or bad managerial style by definition but only managerial style ekena or inappropriate to the concrete situation Iosifescu A good manager will, therefore, use both management science and art. The use of science and art in educational management is beneficial because it acts as a motivating force for achieving the goals and objectives proposed.

Mateescu Elements of School Management. Guide to school director. Spiru Haret Publishing House. Ministry of Education and Research, Bucharest. Joita, Elena Educational Management, Professor-manager: Mihuleac, E The Basics of Management. V Science of Education Management.

RAIS RESEARCH. Educational Management: Science or Art?

Didactic and Pedagogical Publishing House. Russu, C Management, course support.

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