participatory manage• ment models and the rules and norms established by the National System of Conservation Units (SNUC – Lei #, July 18, ). On July 18, , through Law , the Brazilian Government created the National System of Protected Areas (SNUC, in Portuguese), in order to establish a. 15 mar. Lei nº / – SNUC, a PROGE foi, em casos específicos, consultada sobre a legali- dade de retomada de mineração em Flona, tendo as.
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Pureza shows another understanding of the possible inspiration for the RVS category definition.
The goal of protecting natural spaces as well as their attributes serves the current and future generations. Although it is initially clear that the RVS may be composed of private properties, later in his text the dnuc includes the RVS in the purely public domain CU group, in which expropriation is mandatory.
They found that preservationism is still the most frequent trend; however, part of the technicians enuc precepts from the other trends. In the same study, Irving cited by Medeiros, Irving and Garayp. However, the current study is not interested in discussing this differentiation; thus, it is important to keep in mind that only the protected areas in the form of conservation units are herein analyzed.
Three of the four other statements obtained by Pureza about the RVS concept explicitly leei the category function to wildlife protection. All other RVS have areas between 15, andhectares. Acesso em 25 jun.
SNUC, in its broad range of CU categories, meets preservationist and socio-environmentalist goals, and it also allows certain flexibility in categories such as RVS. Questionnaires comprising 27 questions were also sent by e-mail to the federal RVS managers. These practices invariably reduce the increasing gain expectations of the owners. The study investigated the possible origins of the aforementioned category in the SNUC context as well as the inspirations for its definition.
Instrumental rationality may be defined as the economic and technological rationality system of beliefs, values, actions and production standards that sustains the modern capitalist and, therefore, dominant society Snuuc, In this context, Brazil, which has one of the greatest biodiversity rates on the planet, appears as ,ei target of the Biodiversity Convention developments.
In addition, it is in a way linked to species, rather than to the overall environment, sbuc it is also related to small areas.
This variety of categories would also represent the environmental diversity presented by a mega-diverse country of continental proportions such as Brazil.
This definition of indirect use involves serious limitations, since it is almost impossible to identify any production activity that does not imply at least consumption or collection.
Brazilian environmental laws and policies: The herein presented research encompasses literature review and documentary research, as well as interviews done with a key-informant who participated in decisive moments related to the preparation of the National Conservation Unit System, which is a public policy that set the Wildlife Refuge category in This chapter explicitly determined the creation and delimitation of protected areas and confirmed the common duty of both the society and the State in maintaining and protecting nature.
According to the bill BRASIL,the RVS must ensure conditions for the existence and reproduction of local flora species or communities as well as of resident or migratory fauna. Since the ‘s, the focus fell on the industrial pollution control, and it was especially influenced by the United Nations Conference on Environment, held inin Stockholm UN, Thus, extractive reserves were created by the Executive Ordinance No.
Wildlife Refuge; management of protected areas; rationality.
This shift has important consequences, which we will discussed later. Finally, there is the practical difficulty of defining economic activities that could be considered as being of indirect use, so they could be practiced, or even encouraged, within full protection conservation units.
It was observed suc three different opinions on the category origin and on its current role find place in the debate proposed in the current research. Silva classifies the CU categories in three groups according to the land ownership origin and control.
However, these initiatives were inspired by snkc experiences, especially those of the United States and Europe. Firstly, it is worth clarifying the difference between protected areas and conservation units. According to Medeirosthe Animal Protection Law creates CU categories such as National Biological Reserve only indirect use and Federal Hunting Park providing direct useand it also creates spaces called refuges and reserves, which are geared to animal preservation.
It is worth highlighting that the ECO 92 Earth Summitin which such a report was presented, was held in In addition, according to Dias and PereiraBrazil was strongly criticized in the early due the fires in the Amazon and to Chico Mendes assassination. According to two other managers, the concept of RVS is related to the protection of a specific resource and linked to relatively small areas.
According to the bill znuc to Feldmann’s clean bill, protection referred to the “conditions for the existence and reproduction of species or communities”. According to the same author op.
Parques | Unidades de Conservação
However, its differential – and source of dissension – lies on the possibility of co-existence between the private properties, which are allowed to make indirect use of natural resources, and the full protection of the covered environment. It raises hypotheses about the concepts involved in the creation of federal RVS and about the possible meaning managers attribute to this category.
On the other hand, Derani cited by Medeiros, Irving and Garaypoints out that the Full Protection Units should not be subjected to urbanization or to agriculture. Quite crowded public hearings were held in six cities during this period. According to Medeirosp.