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The Pistole Parabellum —or Parabellum-Pistole Pistol Parabellumcommonly known as just Luger  —is a toggle-locked recoil-operated semi-automatic pistol produced in several models and by several nations from to The pistol has been used in fictional works by many villainous characters over the past several decades because of its association with Nazi Germany.
The Luger has a toggle-lock action which uses a jointed arm to lock, as opposed to the slide actions of many other semi-automatic pistols. The toggle strikes a cam built into the frame, causing the knee joint to hinge and the toggle and breech assembly to unlock. The barrel strikes the frame and stops its rearward movement, but the toggle assembly continues moving, bending the knee joint, extracting the spent casing from the chamber, and ejecting it.
The toggle and breech assembly then travel forward under spring tension and the next round is loaded from the magazine into the chamber. The entire sequence occurs in a fraction of a second. This mechanism works well for higher-pressure cartridges, but cartridges loaded to a lower pressure can cause the pistol to malfunction because they do not generate enough recoil to work the action fully.
This results in the breech block either not clearing the top cartridge of the magazine or becoming jammed open on the cartridge’s base. Submachine guns were found to be effective in trench warfare during World War I, and experiments were conducted to convert various types of pistols to fully automatic machine pistols, including the P The Luger proved to have an excessive rate of fire in full-automatic mode, however, as did the Mauser C Luger pistols were manufactured in Germany and Switzerland to very close tolerances and exacting standards using the highest quality materials of the day, and original pistols were known for having a long service life.
Assembling the gun using a sideplate from another pistol, for example, may prevent the sear from working, making the pistol inoperable. The Luger barrel, which was rigidly fixed to the barrel extension and carried the front sight, provided excellent accuracy. A number of countries purchased the Model Parabellum in 7. Board of Ordnance purchased 1, Model Parabellum pistols with 4.
Army for field testing, with the remainder to the light artillery and officers at West Point. Army officials purchased another 50 Model Parabellum pistols with 4-inch barrels, again in 7. This was followed by a third test of 50 so-called “cartridge counter” Parabellum pistols in 9 mm caliber by Springfield Armory in Commercial models of the Model were exported in quantity as well.
Model pistols shipped to the U. After testing, the Swiss Army adopted the Model on April 4, in 7. Commencing inthese Model Parabellum pistols were manufactured and assembled in Bern, Switzerland. The Modelwith its shortened 4-inch barrel, was the first Parabellum pistol to be offered in 9x19mm Parabellum caliber, along with a change from four-groove to six-groove rifling. This version was also referred to as the “Marine Modell ” or, more colloquially in the US as the “navy Luger”.
Georg Luger introduced a new version of the Parabellum pistol in which would become known as the Model or New Model Neues Modell. This latest version of the Parabellum replaced the old flat laminated main spring with a new, more reliable coil design.
Bythe United States evaluated several domestic and foreign-made semi-automatic pistols, including the Colt MSteyr Mannlicher Mand an entry from Mauser. By this time, numerous adverse combat reports of insufficient stopping power of the Army’s Colt. Army personnel obtained from the Thompson—LaGarde Tests resulted in a requirement for a military handgun in. In andthe U. Army held trials for a large-caliber semi-automatic pistol, which constituted the fourth and final evaluation of the Luger or Parabellum pistol design by U.
Frankford Arsenal had provided Luger with 5, rounds of. Luger to be necessary, for its satisfactory use is not now obtainable in this country. The fate of the. Norton Art Gallery, in ShreveportLouisiana. The other was sold in and remains in a private collection.
This version of Georg Luger’s design reflected a number of improvements requested by German military authorities. The grip safety used on earlier versions was omitted, while a lug was attached to the heel of the pistol frame for attachment of a shoulder stock. The barrel was reduced in length to 4 inches mmand the caliber was 9x19mm Parabellum, and the 9x19mm DWM cartridge Catalog No. Over 2 million Luger pistols were used by German forces from to Subsequent Model purchases occurred each year until Only the first shipment had national crests bearing the legend “Ejercito Boliviano” stamped on the barrel extension.
Blueprints for Luger 9mm
In the event of close combat, the pistol was intended to be used as a carbine with the shoulder stock attached to a lug mounted on the heel of blueprlnts pistol frame. When set for long range use the rear sight element visibly moves to the left to compensate for spin drift. While initially intended for use by German artillery units who could lugfr be encumbered by the long and heavy K. Production of the LP 08 ended in with the end of the war.
By that time, German troops had begun using the newly developed MP 18 submachine gun in place of blueprintz LP 08 for their stormtroop assault companies. However, by this time enough LP 08 barrels had been manufactured and stockpiled to fill LP 08 export orders into the s.
Carbine versions of the LP 08 were also produced commercially, with yet longer barrels. The firm Armeria Belga of Santiago Chile also manufactured lger detachable stock, the Benke Thiemann stock, that could fold out from the grip section. Under a small contract, LP 08 or Artillery P08s were assembled in the s to fill an order from lugre Shah of Iran for his artillery troops, with some of these weapons ending up with Thai police forces.
Existing LP 08 pistols which had remained in storage were re-issued in WWII with new-production board stocks for p8 German units such as artillerymen and Waffen SS units, and these continued in use until the end of the war in The M was an attempt to make a full-powered semi-automatic rifle using the same toggle-bolt action of the pistol. A single rifle, puger number 4, was found and put on auction and was said to be made by Georg Luger. The description mentioned a German patent No.
The rifle was chambered in 7. From on, DWM rebuilt P08 frames with new parts or existing parts including barrels into complete pistols for sales to the civilian and export markets. These sales helped restore DWM to solvency after the Armistice. The new component parts were stamped with serial numbers to match the frame to ensure that all the fitted parts luver together. Many thousands of these pistols were thought to have been assembled and sold between and Some of these pistols were fitted with new barrels of different lengths by the importer upon customer request.
The latter importer sought and registered the name Luger in in the United States. These pistols were exported to the United States in both 7. These imported Parabellums were also the first pistols to bear the name “Luger”, roll stamped on the right side of the receiver. Although never officially adopted by Nationalist forces, all variants of the Parabellum or Luger pistol were highly sought after by both Chinese Nationalist officers and irregular guerrilla forces.
Injust before the outbreak of the Chinese Civil Wara review of Chinese Nationalist small arms reported that “Among officers, bodyguards, and police, the German Parabellum Luger 9-mm automatic pistol was the weapon of choice In blueeprints, Mauser took over manufacture of the P. In some of these pistols were fitted with inexpensive black Bakelite grip panels to cut production time and expense.
Years after the war, these pistols would be given the name “Black Widow” by a postwar US arms dealer as a marketing ploy. The P08 was technically replaced in service in by the Walther P38but ever-growing wartime demands for handguns resulted in continued P08 production by Mauser until December Captured Lugers were much prized by Allied soldiers during both of the world wars as war trophies.
Although Mauser P08 production terminated inthe P08 re-appeared lkger postwar form because of a continuing demand for handguns for military and police requirements. In Mauser restarted Luger production under the control of the French occupation authority to supply the Bblueprints military and occupation police forces.
Assembly commenced under French control from June until mid About 4, Luger ‘parts’ pistols, including a few LP 08 models, are thought to have been assembled for French forces, a sufficient number to justify the production of new-manufacture Luger magazines in France for several years.
A few early French control pistols bear a five-pointed star proof mark known to have been used by French Occupation authorities. Surviving French Control Lugers were retained in French storage depots as late as Thousands of original Luger pistols were taken home by returning Allied soldiers after both world wars.
Other Bleuprints pistols were later assembled in the United States by gunsmiths of varying aptitude using secondhand, rejected, or salvaged parts imported from Germany and other countries.
These pistols and their construction quality or lack of it would contribute to criticism of the Luger as a finicky and unreliable weapon. The Luger pistol is still sought after by collectors both for its sleek design and accuracy, and for its connection to Imperial and Nazi Germany. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
This article is about the Luger pistol. For other meanings of parabellum, see Parabellum disambiguation.
Finland at War — United States War Department. The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Weapons and Warfare. Retrieved 12 May Military Small Arms of the 20th Century 7th ed.
History In Three Keys: Naval Institute ProceedingsVol. The sum allotted—for the recommendation of liger Board was instantly approved by the Secretary of War—is sufficient to furnish five of these pistols for each Troop of Cavalry in the service Bpueprints Channel — via YouTube. Archived from the original on 4 June Archived from the original on 15 November Retrieved 2 March The Odyssey of an American Warrior.
Retrieved 12 December